Jesus Messiah a King like David

Matthew 1:1,17 Isaiah 9:2-7

This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham:

17 Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.

Isaiah 9:

The people walking in darkness have seen a great light;
on those living in the land of deep darkness a light has dawned.
You have enlarged the nation and increased their joy;
they rejoice before you as people rejoice at the harvest,
as warriors rejoice when dividing the plunder.
For as in the day of Midian’s defeat, you have shattered
the yoke that burdens them, the bar across their shoulders,
the rod of their oppressor.
Every warrior’s boot used in battle and every garment rolled in blood
will be destined for burning, will be fuel for the fire.
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders.
And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end.
He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom,
establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness
from that time on and forever.
The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this.

 

Matthew, writing to Jewish people, wants them to see Jesus as connected to Abraham and to David.

Abraham as the spiritual father of them all, the one to whom God made His special promises of blessing.

And David, the great king of Israel who was the king closest to God in personal relationship, but also the one most closely related to the concept of Messiah, the greatest king of Israel. This prophecy from Isaiah is seen as fulfilled by Jesus. Especially verses 6 and 7.

Jesus’ ministry is often described as prophet, priest and king. A prophet/priest like Moses, and a king like David.

Today I want us to explore the ways that Jesus would be similar to David as the Messiah, the greatest king of Israel.

 

  1. The Greatness of David and Jesus

 

  1. Great kings of victory and peace

Israel was at it’s greatest size politically when David was king.

Israel had a king who was most closely related to God when    David was king.

Their enemies were defeated when David was king!

II Samuel 8 has many different folks that David defeated in       battle. Philistines, Moabites, Syrians, King toward Iraq, Edomites,   Amalekites, and Ammonites. There are others as well. The point   is that when David went out to battle with the armies of Israel, God gave them the victory. And finally, they had neighbors who    would come and give them gifts to establish peace. They were         strong enough that they didn’t have to fight!

II Samuel 22: 47 “The Lord lives! Praise be to my Rock!
Exalted be my God, the Rock, my Savior!
48 He is the God who avenges me, who puts the nations under me,
49 who sets me free from my enemies. You exalted me above my foes;
from a violent man you rescued me.
50 Therefore I will praise you, Lord, among the nations;
I will sing the praises of your name.

51 “He gives his king great victories; he shows unfailing kindness to his             anointed, to David and his descendants forever.”

 

 

  1. A king of peace from within

        The transition from the judges to a monarchy was just        that. Samuel is the transitional figure. The last Judge. The   transition occurs in the book of I Samuel. Israel has been       basically under tribal rule for five hundred years or so. And then         they asked for a king and God gave them Saul. Saul had to strive      to unify the nation. That is the theme of the beginning of his         reign. And it is no wonder. (We might see a parallel in states vs. federal government in the United States)

David was anointed king while Saul is still king. This is a second   major transition before the first one was really resolved! This has real possibilities for civil war! David has 600 men supporting him.      Listen to the description of his “men:”

22 David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. So when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. So he became captain over them. And there were about four hundred men with him.

(Shepherds, Magi, Prostitutes and Tax Collectors)

 

David and Jonathon covenant together. David keeps his promises         to care for Saul’s family after they are gone.

After Saul is killed, Abner, his greatest general makes Ish    Bosheth, son of Saul king. Saul is from the tribe of Benjamin and     his army is still strong. There is still real opportunity for civil war!

Abner ultimately comes over to support David, and David unifies the kingdom. But David still will not destroy Saul’s family. In fact,      his demand to have Michal returned to him is a unifying act in   this way as well.

We see that much of David’s focus in leading, and what sets him apart from others in the stories about him is that he understands that while he is king, there are larger issues at work in his life     than just what is happening to him. David is a king of       forgiveness, patience and a king that keeps his promises!

This process of unifying the nation is just that, a process.

John 17: 20 “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word; 21 that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me. 22 And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: 23 I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in unity, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

  1. David leaves Solomon strong

The wisdom of Solomon is founded on David’s strength

The riches of Solomon are founded on David’s strength

The building of the temple and palace are founded on David’s     strength

Because the nation is unified, the king is stronger.

Jesus gives the Disciples the “Keys to the Kingdom of God”

  1. David Demonstrated Great Submission to God

 

  1. David was submissive to authority

David was submissive to authority that was trying to kill him.

David would not raise his hand against God’s anointed. David knew that he was anointed by God through Samuel, but David would not attack Saul. He was content to wait on God to accomplish His will in his life. Two times David was given an opportunity to kill Saul. Each time David demonstrated publically that he would not kill Saul, even though Saul was pursuing him!

David kills the man who claims to have killed Saul.

II Samuel 1: 14 David asked him, “Why weren’t you afraid to lift your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?”

15 Then David called one of his men and said, “Go, strike him down!” So he struck him down, and he died. 16 For David had said to him, “Your blood be on your own head. Your own mouth testified against you when you said, ‘I killed the Lord’s anointed.’”

 

  1. David trusted God to accomplish His will

        II Samuel 4: Now Rekab and Baanah, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, set out for the house of Ish-Bosheth, and they arrived there in the heat of the day while he was taking his noonday rest. They went into the inner part of the house as if to get some wheat, and they stabbed him in the stomach. Then Rekab and his brother Baanah slipped away.

They had gone into the house while he was lying on the bed in his bedroom. After they stabbed and killed him, they cut off his head. Taking it with them, they traveled all night by way of the Arabah. They brought the head of Ish-Bosheth to David at Hebron and said to the king, “Here is the head of Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, your enemy, who tried to kill you. This day the Lord has avenged my lord the king against Saul and his offspring.”

David answered Rekab and his brother Baanah, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, “As surely as the Lord lives, who has delivered me out of every trouble, 10 when someone told me, ‘Saul is dead,’ and thought he was bringing good news, I seized him and put him to death in Ziklag. That was the reward I gave him for his news! 11 How much more—when wicked men have killed an innocent man in his own house and on his own bed—should I not now demand his blood from your hand and rid the earth of you!”

12 So David gave an order to his men, and they killed them. They cut off their hands and feet and hung the bodies by the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ish-Bosheth and buried it in Abner’s tomb at Hebron.

 

 

  1. David doesn’t take revenge

        Not on Saul

Not on Abner

Not on Ish-Bosheth

Not on any of Saul’s family

Not on Absalom

Because David does not take his own revenge, he is able to see God as his deliverer over and over again!

Here is David’s testimony:

Psalms 23:

The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
He makes me to lie down in green pastures;
He leads me beside the still waters.
He restores my soul; He leads me in the paths of righteousness
For His name’s sake.

Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
I will fear no evil; For You are with me;
Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.

You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies;
You anoint my head with oil; My cup runs over.
Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me All the days of my life;
And I will dwell in the house of the Lord Forever.

 

Isaiah 42:

18 “Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him,

and he will proclaim justice to the nations.
19 He will not quarrel or cry out;

no one will hear his voice in the streets.
20 A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out, till he has brought justice through to victory.
21  In his name the nations will put their hope.”

 

 

III. A King Strong Enough to Establish Peace

 

  1. A ruling a child is born v. 6-7

        For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders.
And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end.
He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom,
establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness
from that time on and forever.
The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this.

Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no     end. Government in what way? Like the Beast in Revelation? No,         Jesus rules the hearts of people. And He leads them into peace   and makes them instruments of peace.

McDowell page 127 quoting Napoleon Bonaparte:

“I know men and I tell you that Jesus Christ is no mere man. Between Him and every other person in the world there is no possible term of comparison. Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne and I have founded empires. But on what did we rest the creations of our genius? Upon force. Jesus Christ has founded his empire upon love; and at this hour millions of men would die for Him.”

 

  1. He will have unique authority

        Messiah: Anointed one. Chosen by God for a unique purpose.

        Wonderful counselor.

        Mighty God

        Everlasting Father

        Prince of Peace

 

        Today there is born to you in the city of David, Savior, Who        is Christ the Lord.

        Savior

        Anointed one

        The Lord: Authority

        Jesus teaches, heals, casts out demons, and forgives sins all with         unique authority.

 

  1. He will establish peace on the earth

        14 “Glory to God in the highest heaven,
and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests.”

 

Peace between God and men. (potentially)

Peace between men and men. (potentially)

Quote Napoleon about Jesus from Josh McDowell

Peace ultimately on the earth! Verse 5

Every warrior’s boot used in battle and every garment rolled in blood will be destined for burning, will be fuel for the fire.

        The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this!

Revelation 21:

He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

He said to me: “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To the thirsty I will give water without cost from the spring of the water of life. Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children.

Revelation 22: The angel said to me, “These words are trustworthy and true. The Lord, the God who inspires the prophets, sent his angel to show his servants the things that must soon take place.”

“Look, I am coming soon! Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy written in this scroll.”

12 “Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to each person according to what they have done. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.

16 “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.”

17 The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” And let the one who hears say, “Come!” Let the one who is thirsty come; and let the one who wishes take the free gift of the water of life.