Jesus as the Second Adam

Luke 2:23, 38

23 Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph,…

38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam,

the son of God.

In this genealogy, Luke, who is writing to Gentiles (Theophilous), brings the ancestry of Jesus all of the way back to Adam, who obviously was the Son of God in a unique way. This is why the phrase in verse 23 “He was the son, so it was thought of Joseph. Well, if Jesus is not the son of Joseph, then whose son is He? And the answer to that question is God. And in this way, this genealogy is bracketed on the front and back end by Jesus and Adam.

Jesus and Adam have very important connections to God and to man.

And those connections are what I want us to look at in the sermon today, because Luke wants you to see the connection, otherwise, why mention it? There is a reason to connect people back to Abraham because of promises from God to Abraham’s descendants. But every person on earth is connected back to Adam!  And that very connection to Adam is the issue that is important! Jesus’ ministry extends beyond the descendants of Abraham, it extends to all of those who are from Adam!

 

 

  1. Representative Connections

 

  1. The importance of firsts

        Romans 5: 12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—

18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

 

I Corinthians 15: 20 But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man. 22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But each in turn: Christ, the firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him.

45… “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. 46 The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual. 47 The first man was of the dust of the earth; the second man is of heaven. 48 As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth; and as is the heavenly man, so also are those who are of heaven. 49 And just as we have borne the image of the earthly man, so shall we bear the image of the heavenly man.

 

  1. First implies pattern or image of what follows.

Adam is shaped by God (I am knit together in my mother’s womb. I am fearfully and wonderfully made) and has the breath     of God breathed into him and he becomes a living soul. I am     God’s workmanship, created to do good works.

He is the first to be granted the image of God! (Spirit means      breath) I too am granted to reflect the image of God. In fact, sin        is defined as a falling short of the glory of God. Glory is out glow.       Sin is a poor reflection.

Jesus is the unique Son of God. He is God who has become man. He is living as a man. He is of Mary and He is of the Holy Spirit.    He is like no other man who ever lived! He is a first!!

  1. First implies foundation that is built upon. The very same issues that Adam experiences with God, I will experience.    Blessings, curses, instructions etc. Cain and Able story is a second big temptation. Sin desires to have you, you must rule     over it!

 

  1. Adam and Jesus are the first model.

My good works do not apply to you. I cannot save you. I am not first. Adam is! If you were a part of my family, the sins of my      family would manifest in you, at least some of them. This is a closer idea.

 

  1. In Adam and In Christ

        John 3: Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.”

“How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!”

Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.

 

        Two genealogies: Born, and born again!

Born of water (physical birth) and born of the Spirit (spiritual       birth) (John 3)

        What does it mean to be in someone? It means that what happens to them or what comes to them through God also comes to those who are associated with them.

Who is in Adam?

All who are born subsequent to Adam

 

Who is in Christ? All those who are born again subsequent to    Christ!

Ephesians 1: 11 In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will, 12 in order that we, who were the first to put our hope in Christ, might be for the praise of his glory. 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit,

 

  1. Through Adam and through Christ

        What connects us to Adam?

Pictures of three serpents!

  1. We are all sinners, born sinners in Adam. But even if that were not true, we see in our behavior that Adamic nature. We sin because we are sinners.
  2. We are all created in God’s image. Adam was as well. And the purposes given to Adam are basic and fundamental to who we are as well.
  3. Blessings, curses and responsibilities given through Adam.

 

John 3: Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.”

“How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!”

Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.

14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up,

The snakes are already there, the sentence of death is among them and they are receiving the due punishment for their actions. But, they do not need to die. A snake is lifted up on a pole. Look to that which is lifted up! When you do you will live! When those who will die, live instead, they are Born Again!

16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son.

What connects us to Christ? Serpent #2 and 3 (Revelation 12)

Trust in Who Jesus is and what Jesus did is what connects us to   the ministry impact of Jesus.

Why do you call me Lord and not do what I say?

Come to me, take my Yoke on you.

The worship and submission to Christ in Revelation as the     only one who can open the seal of what is sealed by God.

If we are to have eternal life in Christ, then we must be born       again. If we are to have eternal life in Adam, then we must live a      perfect life! In Adam all die because all have sinned.

 

Ok, so we have seen the representative connections to Adam and the possible connections to Christ. Let’s consider the impact of those two identities. Are we born and born again, or are we just born? Are we included in Jesus’ genealogy?

 

  1. Impact of Representative Ministries

       10 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. I bring you good news that will cause great joy for all the people. 11 Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord.       

        Romans 5:15-19

        15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many! 16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

The impact of Adam’s birth vs. Jesus’ birth is expressed in terms of receiving what is earned vs. receiving what is given.

  1. Earned versus given

        Because of our connection to Adam, our condemnation, our negative judgement is earned. The Biblical metaphor of wages. What are wages? What are the wages of sin?

Because of our connection to Jesus, our righteousness, our connection to God, our eternal life is described as a gift. It is a result of God’s grace.

 

  1. One and many

        One sin leads to many sins. One man’s unrighteousness spreads to the many over time. The world starts pure and the    impact of sin spreads out from one to many to all of creation.

One man’s act of righteousness then goes out to all of the many and give them new righteousness at once! Jesus’ death goes out       to all the earth. It goes to all of the past. It goes for all in the present, and it goes out to all in the future.

        how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many! 16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

 

  1. Judgement and Justification

        Here is the impact! In Adam we earn judgement. Sin and death.

In Jesus we receive justification. We are declared righteous. Our sin debt is paid in full! By one sacrifice He has made perfect     forever those who are being made holy! Hebrews 10:14

        The second main passage that speaks about Jesus and Adam is found in I Cor 15. This passage is Paul’s defense of the promise and future reality of the Resurrection of the dead. Jesus’ own experience of Resurrection is seen as the model. Just as sin and death come through Adam, Righteousness and Resurrection come through Jesus!

 

III. Jesus as Resurrected Representative

        I Corinthians 15:20-23; 42-49

  1. Alive after physical death

        This is what resurrection means. Jesus died. Jesus was alive        again. It’s still Jesus.

        49 And just as we have borne the image of the earthly man, so shall we bear the image of the heavenly man.

        The image of Jesus after Resurrection. This is your future!

 

  1. Physical death before a new body lives

        20 But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man. 22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But each in turn: Christ, the firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him.

 

 

  1. Guaranteed change in quality of life

42 So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; 43 it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body.